Firsts In World War One

First war to be fought on 3 continents.

First industrialised conflict.

First use of chlorine & mustard gas.

First use of the flame thrower.

First tank battle.

First use of mass airplanes.

First use of x-ray in the military.

First use of a blood bank.

First use of guide dogs by blinded soldiers.

First four-star general, General John J. Pershing

First use of trillion in estimating war costs.

First commissioning of war art for propaganda.

First use of the IQ Test given to Doughboys of 1917.

First U.S. president to visit a European country

while in office was Woodrow Wilson on 12/04/18.

World War One Facts

During the summer and fall of 1914, France lost as many men on the battlefield as the U.S.Army would lose in all of the 20th century!

Russia's losses were never actually counted. It is estimated that over 6 million Russian soldiers were killed in WWI.

During World War One, 230 soldiers perished for each hour of the four and a quarter years it continued.

The world's worst train accident occured in France, in December 1917 with the deaths of over 600 soldiers.

There were 70,000,000 men and women in uniform of that number one-half were either killed, wounded or became prisoners of war.

In Great Britian at the end of the war there were 250,000 wounded soldiers who suffered total or partial amputation.

The Spanish Influenza of 1918 killed 51 million people worldwide!

The U.S. was in the war in actual combat for only seven and a half months. During this time 116,000 were killed and 204,000 were wounded.

In 1916 in the Italian Alps a winter avalanche killed 10,000 men. In four years of conflict on the Italian Alpine Front 50,000 soldiers killed by avalances.

The Italian Front 1915-1918 was the site of the largest scale mountain warfare in history.

During the course of the Great War 11% of Frances's entire population was killed or wounded.

The site of the Battle of Verdun is remembered as the battlefield with the highest density of dead per square yard.

The biggest naval battle in history occurred off the coast of Jutland in the afternoon of May 31, 1916. More than 200 warships and 100,000 men of the rival navies were involved. The British "Grand Fleet" lost 14 ships. The German "High Seas Fleet" lost 11 ships.

Half of the dead of Great War have no known grave.

The largest man made explosion occured at Halifax Harbor, Nova Scotia, Canada 1917 with the collison of 2 ammo ships.

The 10 month Battle of Verdun, 1916 caused over a million casualties.

At the end of the war in France the 650,000 war widows became a powerful voting block .

Italian Front

60,000 Alpine troops would freeze to death in the "high mountains" (Dolomiti Adamello ranges) during 3 years of war.

Did You Know?

Veteran's Day was once called Armistice Day.

The day WWI ended, peace was declared on the 11th hour, of the 11th day, of the 11th month, 1918.

Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and King George V of England were all first cousins-grandchildren of Queen Victoria of England.

Claude Ryan of California, a World War One aviator built Charles Lindburgh's "Spirit of St. Louis".

The first women to serve in the military in an actual branch

of service were World War One yeomanettes in the US Navy. They were formally designated yeomen(F) for female.

Over 100,000 Chinese laborers were used by the British Army to dig trenches on the Western Front.

The winter of 1917 was the coldest winter on record.

On a 10 mile front in Flanders Field, Belgium in 1917 over

5,000,000 artillery shells were fired in 3 day period.

The Last Post is still sounded each night at 6 p.m. at the Menin Gate in Ypres, Belgium to honor the War Dead. (Suspended only during the occupation by Germany during the Second World War) 

Other Names For The Great War

World War One

The War to End All Wars

The War to Make the World Safe for Democracy

The War of the Nations

The First World War

The World War